Understanding Own Damage Car Insurance: How Does It Work?

The freedom of owning a car comes with responsibility. However, protecting your car from unforeseen problems is an essential component of car ownership. Own damage insurance for cars can help you in that.

This blog post will explore comprehensive car insurance, explaining how it functions.

Difference between Own Damage and Third Party Damage

Two types of car insurance coverage that offer protection in a variety of situations are Own Damage (OD) insurance and Third-Party Car Insurance. Here is how the two differ:

Own Damage Insurance (OD)

Also known as Comprehensive Insurance, Own Damage (OD) insurance covers harm done to your own car owing to crashes, theft, fire, natural disasters, vandalism, and other calamities. Up to the car’s insured value, it offers coverage for vehicle replacement or repairs in case of damage or total loss. Comprehensive insurance is optional but advised for cars that cost more or are subject to more risks.

Own damage car insurance‘s main benefits include:

  • Protecting your car from numerous hazards and perils.
  • Covers payment for the replacement or repair of your car.
  • May include supplementary personal accident, medical, and roadside assistance insurance coverage.
  • When compared to third-party insurance, premiums are typically more expensive.

Third-Party Car Insurance

Third-party car insurance offers a defense against legal obligations resulting from property damage to other parties, bodily harm, or even fatalities brought on by your car. Damages to your car are not covered. This insurance aims to protect your finances if you hurt someone or harm their property while driving.

Critical characteristics of third-party car insurance include:

  • Covers legal responsibilities to third parties for injury, death, or property damage.
  • Pays the impacted party for the harm that your car caused.
  • Does not offer protection for damage done to your car.
  • Premiums are typically less costly than those for own damage insurance.

It’s crucial to remember that these various insurance policies can also be merged into a comprehensive insurance policy that covers both third-party liabilities and own damage. The decision between the two insurance options is based on your unique situation, car value, risk tolerance, and local regulatory requirements.

Factors Affecting Own Damage Insurance Premiums

Insured Declared Value (IDV) for Auto Insurance

The IDV is your car’s current market value. It is the utmost value the company will provide in the event of robbery or damage to the car. Your car’s value begins to decline the moment you buy it; insurance companies refer to this as the depreciation rate. The comprehensive car insurance rate will be greater if your vehicle has a higher IDV. The premium will decrease as your car ages.

The car’s age

The car’s age has a significant role in determining the car’s own damage insurance premium cost. Compared to previous vehicles, newer vehicles have higher IDV and lower depreciation, which directly impact insurance rates.

Factors to Consider

When selecting the coverage options, it’s essential to thoroughly evaluate your automobile’s value and consider aspects like your driving style, where you live, and your budget. Comprehensive insurance policies may provide extensive coverage but also have higher premiums. In contrast, choosing a policy with less coverage may reduce costs but expose you to possible financial risks.

It is critical to inform your insurance provider as soon as possible about any mishaps, theft, or damage to ensure a smooth claims procedure. Be ready to offer all requested documentation and evidence to support your own damage insurance claim. Stay up with your regular premium payments to keep your coverage in effect and prevent any lapses that could invalidate your comprehensive car insurance.

Parting Words

Owning a car is an expensive investment; preventing unforeseen damage is crucial. With complete coverage from own damage insurance for cars, you may recover from mishaps, theft, fires, and natural catastrophes without incurring a hefty financial burden.

Understanding the coverage provided and how own damage car insurance operates will help you choose a policy that best meets your needs.


1. Is own damage car insurance mandatory?

No, own damage insurance is not mandatory, but it is highly recommended for comprehensive coverage and protection of your vehicle.

2. Does comprehensive car insurance cover personal belongings inside the car?

No, comprehensive car insurance frequently excludes coverage for personal property maintained inside a vehicle. However, some plans may include separate coverage for personal items as an add-on option.

3. Will own damage car insurance cover mechanical or electrical failures?

No, standalone own damage policy usually does not cover mechanical or electrical failures. It primarily covers damages caused by accidents, theft, fire, natural disasters, or vandalism.

4. Can I transfer my comprehensive insurance policy to a new car?

Most of the time, you can move your comprehensive insurance coverage to a new car.

5. Can I choose my preferred repair shop for damages covered under standalone own damage policy?

Yes, you can often select the repair facility of your choice for damages covered by standalone own damage policy. However, specific insurance plans could have a network of approved repair facilities that provide convenient cashless services.